Monochronic Time is Best Illustrated by a New Parent’s Nightmare
Monochronic cultures see time as linear and place more importance on orderliness and punctuality than relationships. They value being punctual and completing each task on time. Monochronic cultures also have a strong sense of right and wrong. They see time as limited and do not appreciate interruptions.
Studies have shown that the use of monochronic time is prevalent in countries such as Switzerland, Germany, and the U.S. Monochronic time is best illustrated by the many activities that a new parent must complete, individual sleep patterns, and a flight schedule at the airport. A detailed solution from a subject matter expert helps students understand core concepts of time.
Monochronic people view time as a discrete and valuable commodity. They value time more than any other thing and are good at keeping track of their activities. They may find time stressful because they are constantly switching between activities and projects. However, the benefits of this approach are numerous. Monochronic time is often more enjoyable and productive for people who live it.
Monochronic cultures value punctuality while polychronic cultures value multitasking. While a polychronic culture values productivity and relationships, a monochronic culture values schedules and interpersonal relationships. These two approaches to time management are often in conflict with each other.
Monochronic time is a common culture in Germany, Switzerland, and Scandinavia. People in these countries adhere to strict time limits and values reliability and promptness. In addition, they value confidentiality and reputation. Monochronic people are also dedicated to short-term relationships. In contrast, polychronic people are more likely to take multiple projects at once, but do not prioritize a single project over another.
The concept of time is also important to a person’s ability to manage multiple priorities. People who live in multi-tasking cultures often have to manage multiple tasks at once. This makes it difficult for them to focus on their jobs. They are often easily distracted and their plans can change.
Despite the fact that monochronic time is a learned concept, it is the dominant time system throughout the United States. It is a result of the industrial revolution in England. People had to be available to do the job in a factory at a specific time. This approach to time management may seem natural, but it can lead to cultural misunderstandings.
For practical teams, polychronic time is best illustrated by a situation in which a relationship is forged. During the initial stage of the relationship, rapport is important, as it drives a group toward the meeting agenda and time limit. It is important to plan head-on visits when interacting with colleagues to establish rapport, and to plan for additional time to get to know each other’s complements. It is also important to plan how meetings will be conducted and how the schemes will be managed.
In addition to understanding the concept of time in different cultures, you must also learn to deal with the differences in time-related values. Monochronic cultures can be very rigid while polychronic cultures can be more flexible and fluid. A business can integrate both approaches to time management. To keep everyone on the same page, it is important that you maintain an open mind.